" />
close icon

what are you looking for?

close icon

badges you can earn


earn editorial badges by uploading a number of stories.
  • 1
    writer
  • 10
    senior writer
  • 20
    sub - editor
  • 50
    editor
close icon

Sign Up


use your university email address to create your account.

Username already exists, please use another email address.

Please ensure all fields aren't empty









 
  • Please Select
  • Abertay University
  • Aberystwyth University
  • Anglia Ruskin University
  • Anglo-European College of Chiropractic
  • Arden University
  • Arts University Bournemouth
  • Ashridge Executive Education
  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Bath Spa University
  • Birkbeck University of London
  • Birmingham City University
  • Bishop Grosseteste University
  • Bournemouth University
  • BPP University
  • British School of Osteopathy
  • Brunel University
  • Bucks New University
  • Canterbury Christ Church University
  • Cardiff Metropolitan University
  • Cardiff University
  • City, University of London
  • Courtauld Institute of Art
  • Coventry University
  • Cranfield University
  • De Montfort University
  • Durham University
  • Edge Hill University
  • Edinburgh Napier University
  • European School of Economics
  • Falmouth University
  • Glasgow Caledonian University
  • Glasgow School of Art
  • Goldsmiths, University of London
  • Guildhall School of Music and Drama
  • Harper Adams University
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • Heythrop College, University of London
  • Imperial College London
  • Keele University
  • King's College London
  • Kingston University
  • Lancaster University
  • Leeds Beckett University
  • Leeds College of Art
  • Leeds Trinity University
  • Liverpool Hope University
  • Liverpool John Moores University
  • London Business School
  • London Metropolitan University
  • London School of Economics and Political Science
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
  • London South Bank University
  • Loughborough University
  • Manchester Metropolitan University
  • Middlesex University
  • Newcastle University
  • Newman University, Birmingham
  • Northumbria University
  • Norwich University of the Arts
  • Nottingham Trent University
  • Oxford Brookes University
  • Plymouth College of Art
  • Plymouth Marjon University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Margaret University
  • Queen Mary University of London
  • Queen's University Belfast
  • Regent's University London
  • Robert Gordon University
  • Rose Bruford College
  • Royal Academy of Music
  • Royal Agricultural University
  • Royal Central School of Speech and Drama
  • Royal College of Art
  • Royal College of Music
  • Royal Conservatoire of Scotland
  • Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Royal Northern College of Music
  • Royal Veterinary College
  • School of Advanced Study
  • Scotland's Rural College
  • Sheffield Hallam University
  • SOAS, University of London
  • Southampton Solent University
  • St George's, University of London
  • St Mary's University, Twickenham
  • Staffordshire University
  • Swansea University
  • Teesside University
  • The American International University in London
  • The London Institute of Banking & Finance
  • The Open University
  • The University of Law
  • Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance
  • Ulster University
  • University College Birmingham
  • University College London
  • University College of Estate Management
  • University for the Creative Arts
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Bedfordshire
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bolton
  • University of Bradford
  • University of Brighton
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Buckingham
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Central Lancashire
  • University of Chester
  • University of Chichester
  • University of Cumbria
  • University of Derby
  • University of Dundee
  • University of East Anglia
  • University of East London
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Essex
  • University of Exeter
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Gloucestershire
  • University of Greenwich
  • University of Hertfordshire
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Kent
  • University of Leeds
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Lincoln
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of London
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Northampton
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Roehampton
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of South Wales
  • University of Southampton
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Stirling
  • University of Strathclyde
  • University of Suffolk
  • University of Sunderland
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of the Arts
  • University of the Highlands and Islands
  • University of the West of England
  • University of the West of Scotland
  • University of Wales
  • University of Wales Trinity Saint David
  • University of Warwick
  • University of West London
  • University of Westminster
  • University of Winchester
  • University of Wolverhampton
  • University of Worcester
  • University of York
  • Wrexham Glyndwr University
  • Writtle University College
  • York St John University

By creating an account you agree to the uni news Terms and Conditions, and agree to receive marketing communications.

close icon

subscribe to uni news


get the latest articles straight to your inbox.

Australia

Australia fires: what caused them and how bad has the impact been?

Wildfires often occur during the dry season in Australia dry season due to high temperatures and wind, but this year, the combination of heat, months of drought and strong winds have led to the spreading of fires.

The fires in Australia have been burning since September 2019 and are expected to continue for the next three months. In New South Wales, the temperatures are set to reach 40Β°C again, placing lives and towns at further risk.

20 people have died and over 2000 homes have been destroyed.
How much of Australia is on fire?

There are fires burning across Victoria and New South Wales and they've burnt 12.35 million acres of land. In comparison, the Amazon fires burnt 900 000 hectares in 2019 and 800 000 hectares were burnt in Californian fires in 2018.

Sydney and Melbourne have been covered in a dense blanket of smoke. Last week, clouds of ash from the bushfires spread over 2,500 miles toward New Zealand. Some areas of Australia have estimated air quality to be 20 times above the hazardous level.

View this post on Instagram

Here are links for those who are able to help: DISASTER RELIEF Red Cross www.redcross.org.au/campaigns/disaster-relief-and-recovery-donate Victorian Bushfire Appeal www.vic.gov.au/bushfireappeal SA Bushfire Appeal www.sa.gov.au/topics/emergencies-and-safety/recovery/donating Foodbank www.foodbank.org.au/support-us/make-a-donation/donate-funds St Vincent de Paul NSW Bushfire Appeal www.donate.vinnies.org.au/appeals-nsw/vinnies-nsw-bushfire-appeal-nsw VOLUNTEER FIRE SERVICES NSW Rural Fire Service www.rfs.nsw.gov.au/volunteer/support-your-local-brigade Victorian Country Fire Authority www.cfa.vic.gov.au/about/supporting-cfa SA Country Fire Service www.cfsfoundation.org.au Tasmania Fire Service www.fire.tas.gov.au/Show?pageId=colContactUs Rural Fire Brigades Association Queensland www.rfbaq.org/donate-to-rfbaq WA Volunteer Fire and Rescue www.dfes.wa.gov.au/contactus/pages/donations.aspx ACT Emergency Services Agency www.esa.act.gov.au/rural-fire-service NT Fire and Rescue Service www.pfes.nt.gov.au ANIMAL RESCUE Port Macquarie Koala Hospital www.gofundme.com/f/help-thirsty-koalas-devastated-by-recent-fires RSPCA NSW Bushfire Appeal www.rspcansw.org.au/bushfire-appeal NSW Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service www.wires.org.au/donate/emergency-fund Wildlife Victoria Bushfire Appeal www.wildlifevictoria.org.au/donate/donate-to-wildlife-victoria #repost #bushfiresaustralia #australiafires #australia #help #volunteers #donations #donate Reposted from @hamishlancaster

A post shared by Anthony McCann (@bigdadmccann) on

How are the fires being fought?

Professional firefighters and thousands of volunteers are working to battle the flames. Firefighters are releasing water and fire retardant from planes as well as from the ground.

The authorities are focusing on stopping the fires from spreading, rather than putting them out. Through digging earth boundaries, flames are being contained and are saving lives.

America, Canada and New Zealand have sent firefighters to help Australia battle the fire. The police, military and navy of Australia are involved in rescue and evacuation efforts.

Are the fires linked to climate change?

Bushfires are not caused by climate change, but they are a result of the effects of global warming. The rise of carbon dioxide has been warming the planet and as a result, Australia has been getting hotter and will continue to in decades to come.

In 2019, Australia experienced its hottest year, with temperatures reaching 1.5 degrees higher than the average. These hotter and drier climates will contribute to fires in Australia becoming worse and more frequent. This will allow the flames to spread quicker and wider.

Since September, Australia's fires are estimated to have released 350 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Experts claim it will take more than a century to absorb the carbon dioxide released.

How have the fires affected wildlife?

While animals such as kangaroos are fast to flee the flames unless trapped, koalas are slow movers and many have died in the fires.

In New South Wales alone, an estimate of 500 million animals have died. Not only are the fires killing animals but they are destroying their habitats. This leaves the survivors vulnerable even after the fires have passed.

While experts do not believe koalas are at risk of extinction, the species, like many others of Australia are under threat because of the bushfires.

The political response

Australian prime minister, Scott Morrison has been facing criticism. When Morrison visited the village of Cobargo, he was received by angry residents refusing to shake his hand.

Scott Morrison has promised an improved funding system for firefighting and will be offering payouts to volunteers.

Regardless, the government has come under strong criticism for not doing enough to fight climate change. However, it has committed itself to targets of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

You can find information on how to help the peoples and animals affected by the Australian bushfires here.

Comments